Amaranthus leaves(thotakura):benefits and uses

Amaranthus leaves(thotakura):benefits and uses

Jan 20, 2024Aahari !

Amaranthus leaves, commonly known as "amaranth greens" or simply "amaranth," refer to the edible leaves of the amaranth plant, particularly the species Amaranthus tricolor and Amaranthus dubius. These greens are widely used in various cuisines around the world and are known for their mild, slightly earthy flavor and tender texture.

Amaranthus leaves are a versatile and nutritious vegetable that can be a valuable addition to a balanced and varied diet. 

In Telugu, amaranthus leaves are commonly referred to as "Thotakura." Thotakura is a popular leafy green vegetable used in various Telugu dishes. It's known for its tender leaves and mild, slightly earthy flavor. In Telugu cuisine, Thotakura is used in curries, stir-fries, and other traditional recipes to add a nutritious and flavorful element to the dishes.

Amaranthus leaves: Nutritional valueNutritional value of amaranthus leaves

Amaranthus leaves, also known as amaranth greens or simply amaranth, are highly nutritious and offer a range of vitamins, minerals, and other beneficial compounds. Here is the approximate nutritional value of 100 grams of raw amaranthus leaves:

Calories: About 23 calories

Carbohydrates: Approximately 4.02 grams

Dietary Fiber: Roughly 2.1 grams

Protein: About 2.46 grams

Fat: Around 0.33 grams


  • Vitamin A: Amaranthus leaves are rich in vitamin A, providing about 2917 IU (International Units) or 58% of the recommended daily intake.
  • Vitamin C: Approximately 43.3 milligrams, or 72% of the recommended daily intake.
  • Vitamin K: A significant source of vitamin K, with about 1140 micrograms, or 1425% of the recommended daily intake. Vitamin K is more essential for blood clotting and bone health.


  • Calcium: Amaranthus leaves contain approximately 215 milligrams of calcium, which is important for bone health.
  • Iron: A good source of iron, providing around 2.46 milligrams, or about 13% of the recommended daily intake. Iron is important for oxygen transport in the body.
  • Potassium: Roughly 611 milligrams, which is beneficial for maintaining electrolyte balance and blood pressure.
  • Magnesium: About 55 milligrams, contributing to various physiological processes in the body.

Other Nutrients and Compounds:

  • Folate: A notable source of folate (vitamin B9), which is essential for cell division and the synthesis of DNA.
  • Phytonutrients: Amaranth greens contain various phytonutrients, including antioxidants like carotenoids and flavonoids, which can help combat oxidative stress and inflammation.

Amaranthus leaves are considered a nutrient-dense food, rich in vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. They are particularly valued for their iron and vitamin A content

Health benefits:Health Benefits

Amaranthus leaves, commonly known as amaranth greens or simply amaranth, offer a variety of health benefits due to their rich nutritional content. Here are some of the key health benefits associated with amaranthus leaves:

Nutrient Density:Nutrient Density

Amaranth greens are nutrient-dense, providing a wide range of vitamins and minerals, including vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin K, folate, calcium, iron, potassium, and magnesium. These nutrients are essential for overall health and well-being.

Heart Health:Heart Health

The potassium in amaranth greens can help regulate blood pressure, which is important for heart health. Additionally, the dietary fiber in these greens may contribute to healthy cholesterol levels and a reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Bone Health:Bone Health

Amaranth leaves are an excellent source of calcium and vitamin K, both of which are essential for strong and healthy bones. Vitamin K plays a crucial role in bone mineralization, while calcium is a key component of bone structure.

Antioxidant Properties:Antioxidant Properties

Amaranthus leaves contain antioxidants like carotenoids and flavonoids, which help combat free radicals in the body. These antioxidants can reduces the oxidative stress and lower the risk of chronic diseases.

Digestive Health:Digestive Health

The dietary fiber in amaranth greens promotes healthy digestion and regular bowel movements. It can prevent constipation and support gastrointestinal health.

Immune System Support:Immune support system

The vitamin C content in amaranth leaves boosts the immune system, helping the body defend against infections and illnesses.

Anemia Prevention and Treatment:Anemia prevention and treatment

The iron content in amaranth greens is crucial for preventing and treating iron-deficiency anemia. Iron is more essential for red blood cell production and oxygen transport.

Eye Health:Eye health

Vitamin A, found in amaranthus leaves, supports good vision and overall eye health. It can help prevent conditions like night blindness and promote healthy corneas.

Anti-Inflammatory Effects:Anti inflammatory effects

Some studies suggest that amaranth contains anti-inflammatory compounds that may help reduce inflammation in the body. Chronic inflammation is associated with various chronic diseases.

Weight Management:Weight mangement

Amaranth greens are low in calories and high in fiber, which can help control appetite and support weight management efforts.

Pregnancy Nutrition:Pregnancy Nutrition

The folate content in amaranth leaves is essential during pregnancy to prevent birth defects and support fetal development.

Skin Health:Skin health

Antioxidants in amaranth greens protect the skin from oxidative damage, promoting healthier and more radiant skin.


Culinary Uses:

  • Cooking: Amaranth greens are a versatile vegetable and can be used in a wide range of culinary applications. They are often sautéed, steamed, or boiled and used in various dishes.
  • Stir-Fries: Amaranthus leaves can be added to stir-fries along with other vegetables and proteins. They add a mild, earthy flavor and a nutritious element to the dish.
  • Curries: In many regional cuisines, amaranth greens are used in curries and stews. They absorb the flavors of the spices and create a delicious and nutritious curry.
  • Salads: Young and tender amaranthus leaves can be used in salads, adding a fresh and slightly peppery taste. They can be combined with other salad ingredients for added nutrition.
  • Soups: Amaranth greens can be added to soups and broths, providing a nutrient boost and enhancing the flavor of the soup.
  • Pakoras: In some cuisines, amaranth leaves are used to make pakoras, which are deep-fried fritters. The leaves are coated in a chickpea flour batter and fried until crispy.

Non-Culinary Uses:

  • Ornamental Plant: Some varieties of amaranthus are grown for their striking and colorful foliage, making them popular ornamental plants in gardens and landscaping.
  • Traditional Medicine: In some traditional medicine systems, amaranth has been used for its potential medicinal properties, although scientific research on its medicinal uses is limited.
  • Natural Dye: The pigments in amaranthus leaves can be used as a natural dye for fabrics and textiles.
  • Fodder: Amaranthus leaves are sometimes used as animal fodder due to their nutrient content.
  • Composting: Amaranth leaves can be added to compost piles to enrich the compost with valuable nutrients.

Thotakura is a generally safe vegetable to consume, but there are a few potential side effects to be aware of.

  • Kidney stones: Thotakura is high in oxalates, which can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. If you are prone to kidney stones, you should limit your intake of thotakura.
  •  If you have a sensitive stomach, you should start by eating small amounts of thotakura and gradually increase your intake.
  • Antinutrients: Like other leafy greens, amaranth contains small amounts of antinutrients, such as phytates and tannins, which can interfere with the absorption of certain minerals. However, these antinutrients are generally not a concern in a balanced diet.

In conclusion, amaranthus leaves are a nutritious and beneficial addition to your diet when consumed in moderation and as part of a well-balanced and varied eating plan. They offer numerous health benefits and can be enjoyed in a wide range of culinary preparations.

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